Policy paradigm with the crumbling of ussr, the us shifted its policy towards india completely. After the end of the cold war, indiaus relations in the first half of the 1990s have been described as one of missed opportunities and contradictory policies. Indous relations during the clinton administration. During the coldwar era, the relations between india and the us. Doc indous relationship from the end of cold war till now. India relations from the constraints of a bipolar world, bilateral relations continued for a decade to be affected by the burden of history, most. We will be discussing indous bilateral strategic relations in 21st century. Feb 27, 2006 out of sight is out of mind, goes the saying.
In recent years, growing indian investments into the us, estimated by independent studies to. India take distance from west during cold war but indian leader who were ruling india after independent and during cw take distance of the western bloc as well as the eastern bloc, and they want to choose nonaligned policy toward the two blocs. In brief congressional research service summary as the worlds 3rd largest economy, india is an important trade and economic partner for the united states. The main thrust of this thesis is to present the indous relations during post cold war period, to study main events of the period and to explore the reasons behind the transformation in relations. Indo american relations cold war crisis history essay. Indous cooperation and relation has a long and rich antiquity.
Indous relations and their efforts to develop a stable and cooperative relationship in the post cold war milieu. The gainer and the loser zahid ali khan university of balochistan, quetta abstract the usindia nuclear deal of july, 2005, is a remarkiable development in the framework of overall indiaus relationship. During much of the cold war era, india was not an important factor in american thinking of international security due to its antiamerican approach and inclination towards the former soviet union. Under the new bush administration indous relations have developed.
You have studied in the last chapter, the strategy of planned economic development adopted by india. Indo russian relations foreign policy are the bilateral relations between india and russia. The us also resented indias growing partnership with the soviet union. Simultaneously, american leaders despised indias cold war nonalignment doctrine. India s foreign policy in the post cold war era download. Indorussian relations foreign policy are the bilateral relations between india and russia. Indias decision to go nuclear in may 1998 and the subsequent indous rapprochement marks a turning point in the history of the two countries relations.
During this period, the us ignored indias view on kashmir issue and neglected infiltration policy of pakistan in indian administered kashmir. The indous strategic relationship and pakistans security. Prime minister indira gandhi meets with president ronald reagan during a. Relations between india and the united states have been on an upanddown trajectory since independence in 1947. Today, as we move to the year 1998, it is accurate to say that indous relations are at their best, reminding us of the. The postcold war era provided an opportunity to india and america to rapproach and repair their bilateral relations damaged by earlier cold war perceptions. Usindia relation has been never cut during the cold war but it had so many bad events for both side. So, indous bilateral relations remained resentful during much the cold war phase. So, indo us bilateral relations remained resentful during much the cold war phase.
It, therefore, tried to reduce the differences between russia and usa. During the cold war era, the relations between india and the us witnessed many ups and downs. India s foreign policy towards the us and ussr during the cold war era was as given below. Add to this the politics of the cold war and it becomes easy to understand why relations between the two democracies were often based on mutual mistrust and misperceptions. During the period 2004 2006, the united states sanctioned indian scientists and chemical.
The clash of strategic interest between the two countries that began from second world war continued throughout more than of 40 years of. Analysts have argued that the end of the cold war began a new era in indous equations. Indous relations have always been influenced by indias security concerns and the uss geostrategic interests. Indiaus relations, the cold war and pakistans influence on events. In 2012, for the first time in modern history, asian states spent more on their armed forces than european ones. The two countries mostly shared cold ties until the end of the cold war. Technological developments have made geographical distance an irrelevant factor. Cold war, the united states looked towards india with a new approach.
The post cold war era, can be divided into the era before and after september 11, 2001. The new us tilt and its security policy in south asia in post 911 period and its strategic partnership with india is. Indous strategic relations in 21st century the indous bilateral relations can be expressed into the broad era. More often than not, the relationship between two countries was not so encouraging and there had also been an iota of mistrust between the two governments. That had been the story of indoamerica relations during much of the cold war era. Cooperation and consultations have broadened and diversified considerably.
And im not even sure whether the overall effect would be positive or negative. India followed soviet union s political and economic models based on communist ideals. Economic ties were a major focus of clintons visit, during which u. Seyed mostafa mostafavi ma student in subcontinent studies faculty of world studies university of tehran iran 9287 in the name of god indous relationship after the cold war till now the great problem of the near. Since indias independence, ties with the united states have weathered cold warera distrust and estrangement over indias nuclear program. In the name of god the great problem of the near future will be american imperialism, even more than british imperialism a india is today embarked on a journey inspired by many dreams. Since india s independence, ties with the united states have weathered the cold war era, distrusts and estrangement over indias nuclear program. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you. While the end of the cold war led to a gradual improvement in indiaus relations, these shifts came to a halt in may 1998 when india followed by pakistan conducted nuclear. The indo us deal is a clear manifestation of the us. While bilateral ties in the twentieth century were marred by the politics of the cold war, as well as perceptions of american arrogance and hegemony, the first decadeandahalf of the new century witnessed the worlds two largest democracies come closer together than they had ever been. Indiachina relations in the postcold war era asian survey.
Indo us strategic relations in 21st century the indo us bilateral relations can be expressed into the broad era. After the dissolution of the soviet union, russia inherited its close relationship with india which resulted in a special relationship. What was india s foreign policy towards the us and ussr. America supplied arms and ammunition to india during the war. As india was one of the leaders of the third world nations championing the ideology of nonalignment, india was a pariah of sorts for the us. The beginnings it is a fact that during the post cold war era a genuine transformation in relations between the united states and india has taken place. India took a different stand during the korean crisis. Sep 23, 2014 relations between india and the united states have been on an upanddown trajectory since independence in 1947.
In 1961, india became a founding member of the nonaligned movement to avoid involvement in the cold war powerplay between the united states and the soviet union. In the post cold war era, indias relationship with the us on defence and strategic issues has strengthened. Under the kanpur indoamerican program pdf, american faculty members develop. The indous strategic relationship and pakistans security zafar nawaz jaspal sassi research report 9 december 2007 published by south asian strategic stability institute sassi, 36 alie street, london, e1 8da. Even during sino indian war in 1962, when the us provided india with military support, the relationship did not improve much. Indias foreign policy page 5 module i basic determinants of indias foreign policy 1. Since india s independence, ties with the united states have weathered cold war era distrust and estrangement over india s nuclear program. Also during this period india was undergoing an economic and food. Current affairs notes, foreign relations notes eliminating the hesitations of history, india and the united states have built a strong and strategic bilateral relationship and continues to contribute the stability and prosperity of the world. Post independence relation after indian independence and until the end of the cold war, the relationship between the us and india was cold and often thorny. The us was always skeptical of india s credentials as a nonaligned nation. It deals with indias foreign policies and its direct effect on the u.
Jun 30, 2018 during this period, the us ignored indias view on kashmir issue and neglected infiltration policy of pakistan in indian administered kashmir. This extended essay deals with the indoamerican relationship during the cold war. Us india relation has been never cut during the cold war but it had so many bad events for both side. That had been the story of indo america relations during much of the cold war era. During the cold war, the indous bilateral relationship can be said to have had uneasy beginnings. While the seeds of distrust sown during the cold war era and indias testing of nuclear weapons have seen bilateral ties plunge to new lows, the recent indous civil nuclear deal saw relations surge to new heights. However, in the last few years it has come to be associated as the region where global fulcrum of power is shifting. What is the nature and status of indous relations during the raoclinton period. Indiausa relations during the cold war era immediately after independence, till the end of cold war, and a decade after that, indo us relations did not mark any significant developments. The nixon administrations support for pakistan during the indo pakistani war of 1971 affected relations until the dissolution of the soviet union in 1991. The postcold war period has been experiencing a shift in wealth and power towards asia. Post cold war period saw dramatic changes in usindia relation.
It is a fact that during the postcold war era a genuine transformation in relations between the united states and india has taken place. The dawn of the twentyfirst century ushered in an era of new opportunity in indous relations. The collapse of the soviet union set the united states free from cold war politics and its parameters. A foundational military agreement that allows for the sharing of encrypted communications and equipment comcasa communications compatibility and security agreement. What overall effect did the cold war have on india. Since then both countries have move from the phase of estranged democracies to engaged democracies. Cold war era, foreign policy was naturally attracting greater attention than before.
India and the us from 1947 to present news zee news. We will be discussing indo us bilateral strategic relations in 21st century. Relations have warmed up in recent years and cooperation has strengthened across a range of political and economic areas. The post cold war period has been experiencing a shift in wealth and power towards asia. While pakistan was the longestlasting irritant in u. Katherine mayo, an american lady, visited india during 192526.
Their relations are undergoing a qualitative transformation. During cold war, india was in quasi alliance with ussr, and presently is with usa. With the fading of cold war constraints, the united states and india. Southeast asia, in particular on fundamentally different. Introduction despite being one of the pioneers and founding members of the nonaligned movement of 1961, india developed a closer relationship with the soviet union during the cold war. During her visit to honolulu in october 2010, then secretary of.
Usindia relation has been never cut during the cold war but it had so many bad. During cold war, the us was concerned about the neutrality of india because india signed the indo soviet treaty of peace, friendship and cooperation in 1971. While the seeds of distrust sown during the cold war era and indias testing of nuclear weapons have seen bilateral ties plunge to new lows, the recent indo us civil nuclear deal saw relations surge to new heights. The ups and downs of indous relations pkkh exclusive by sidrah zaheer during the cold war era, india was procommunism and developed relations with the soviet union on strategic, military, economic and diplomatic lines. As the ideological cold war ended after a myriad of international convergences and divergences, india was forced to look west given the paradigm shift in the geopolitics of the world and in francis fukuyamas words end of history. Rajiv gandhi during the tenth lok sabha elections 21 may 1991, pamulaparti venkata narasimha rao was then become the leadership of the congrees as the party wanted an elderly, non controversial leader. Following the assassination of kennedy indo us relations deteriorated and hit all time low under nixon administration in the early 1970s. During the cold war, india got tilted towards the soviet union after if the 1971 friendship treaty, which was a response to the continuing u. The post cold war era provided an opportunity to india and america to rapproach and repair their bilateral relations damaged by earlier cold war perceptions. Narasimha raos government 19911996 after the assassination of mr. The main thrust of this thesis is to present the indo us relations during post cold war period, to study main events of the period and to explore the reasons behind the transformation in relations. Indiausa relations in the present international scenario, with the overwhelming presence of united states of america as the sole surviving super power, it is important to analyse the everevolving indous relations in the postcold war international relations. During a landmark visit to china in 1993, prime minister rao signed.
The first page of the pdf of this article appears above. Now you believe you have a role to play in uschina cold war. During president obamas visit in january 2015, the two sides agreed to start cooperation on 4 dtti pathfinder projects and 2 pathfinder initiatives, which are currently at various stages of execution. India had a peculiar hot and cold relationship with the us ever since india came into being. Sumit ganguly observed that indous relations under the clinton administration had suffered enormously because of a number of careless. Economics political science antiterrorism measures military aspects political aspects reports cold war, 19451991 economic aspects social aspects deterrence strategy free trade indian foreign relations international relations islamic. Relations have warmed in recent years and cooperation has strengthened across a range of economic and political areas. Click download or read online button to get india s foreign policy in the post cold war era book now.
During the cold war era, the us tried to maintain friendly relations with china but the later embarked upon the policy of modernization of its market economy. Page 1 mains 2016 current affairs general studies 2 2. The us always kept talking about india s tilt towards the soviet union in international platform. Ipcs discussion afghanistan and the ustaliban agreement. An overview 3 indiaus civilian nuclear energy cooperation 4 indiaus defence and security relations 5 strategic dialogue 6 indous relations. Cold war, the wild oscillations in american ties to china were also distressing. It is difficult to judge the overall effect of a situation on a country. These are cold war era and the aftermath of cold war. While references to cold war relations cannot be avoided in terms of the building blocks of their future relationship patterns, the paper will specifically look into the shifts in this relationship in the post cold war milieu, and. Doc indous relationship from the end of cold war till.
Today, as we move to the year 1998, it is accurate to say that indous relations are at their best, reminding us of the brief period after the chinese attack in octo. American stand towards india has been one of unsureness ever since india attained independence from great britain in 1947. Indiaus relations in a changing strategic environment. During the cold war, india and the soviet union ussr had a strong strategic, military, economic and diplomatic relationship. Legal, political, security and operational implications rana banerji, amb retd amar sinha, and fawad poya in. Nehru chose a middle path, which subsequently came to be known as nonalignment. Complex interdependence 2 indiaus relations during the cold war era. Post cold war period saw dramatic changes in us india relation.
Economics political science antiterrorism measures military aspects political aspects reports cold war, 19451991 economic aspects social aspects deterrence strategy free trade indian foreign relations international relations islamic fundamentalism. The foreign policies implemented by india during the cold war deteriorated its relationship with america by increasing political and social tensions. The erosion of irritating issues and the emergence of conciliatory propositions opened a new vista of cooperative relationships. Richard nixon established very close relationship with pakistan aiding it militarily and economically as india then was seen an ally of soviet union. During its early years the indian republic viewed the world through a newly. Indous relationship from the end of cold war till now course. Indous relations in post cold war era and concerns for pakistan. This was due to the closeness of the us towards indias archrival pakistan during the war, with pakistan joining the usled western bloc in 1954. Indo us relations in post cold war era and concerns for pakistan. It involves just too many whatifs and they take us into the realm of hypothesis, which in his. It is often argued that the indo pacific region is too vast to be a coherent strategic system. Indous relations in post cold war era and concerns for.404 1051 1387 1132 417 3 143 553 1355 457 92 1190 1272 1088 662 50 59 414 1546 715 1191 427 1211 179 525 878 958 784 120 1032 1237 914 15