General knowledge mcqs, ppsc, fpsc, fia, css, past papers. Chashma barrage is used for irrigation, flood control, and power generation. This report contains a compilation of some articles on sindhs right to selfdetermination. Sukkur barrage is used to control water flow in the river indus for the purposes of irrigation and flood control. Remodeling of kalri baghar feeder mehran university research. The canal water dispute was solved through the good offices of the world bank. Prior to the construction of major dams and barrages. The history of the indus river flow diversions is a long one, but after the creation of pakistan in 1947, its flows were majorly altered during the period 1932 to 1976 by the construction of six barrages jinnah, chashma, taunsa, guddu, sukkur, and kotri and the worlds largest earthfill dam tarbela, capacity.
Pdf the state of the environment of the pakistan coast. British government decides to bifurcatebritish india, into two sovereign states indiaandpakistan. The kotri barrage is the last controlling structure on the indus and below kotri the indus discharges into the arabian sea near thatta. In 1989, a feasibility study concluded that the 44 barrage gates had experienced serious loss of metal and recommended their replacement. Peak discharge on kotri barrage since 1950 to 2015 516. In order to understand how this has impacted the deltaic ecology that thrives on river flows, we designed this study based on a model developed by. Wah city of pakistan is linked with cement, arms and ammunition industry. The two peaks merged at kotri barrage, the most downstream structure on the indus river. Chashma barrage is a barrage on the river indus in mianwali district of the punjab province of pakistan 56 km downstream of jinnah barrage and 304 km nw of lahore. That too failed to work as it was not designed on actual study of movement of hilsa. Khuhro, chief minister of sind, on the occasion of the opening ceremony of the kotri barrage by his excellency the governorgeneral of pakistan on 15th march 1955, p. But damming and irrigation has made fish farming an. Kotri barrage studyii consultants group, islamabad. The best way to counteract this effect was to construct barrages at guddu and hajipur.
Sluiceway isolation for gate replacement at kotri barrage. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. The kotri barrage near hyderabad is 915 metres 3,000 ft long and provides additional supplies for karachi. It stretches over five spans and the total length of the bridge is 1,948 feet. Construction of barrage on the river purna at ner, akola, india duration. Queens house is the official residency of sirilankan president and temple tree is the official residency of srilankan prime minister. Geographic features slide lecture free download as powerpoint presentation. Integrated assessment of contemporary hydrogeomorphologic. Pdf study on water escapages below kotri barrage to. History of ceylon from the earliest period to 1816. Produced and released by pakistan relief foundation. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or. Competing water needs have contributed to reduced flows in the indus river, especially downstream of kotri barrage. Pdf ecological assessment of the indus delta in pakistan.
It is connected to almost 6166mile long canal network to irrigate almost 5 million acres of agricultural land. Policy diagnostics for pakistans water security challenge. On this day what happened today in history britannica. The data of discharges below kotri barrage over the years from 194041 to 200001 shows that the total annual discharge below kotri has been very variable but, indicates a gradually decreasing trend. Kotri barrage sukkur barrage guddu barrage taunsa barrage trimmu barrage sidhnai barrage balloki barrag e marala barrage khanki barrag e qadirab ad barrage sulemanki barrage islam barrag e chenab r v i c h e n a b jhelum tauns ap nj nad lin k warsak dam l. The kotri barrage, also known as the ghulam muhammad barrage, was opened in 1955. Download free historic books of sri lanka ceylon lankapura. Guddu barrage s h y o k e ferozepur punjnad barrage h a g a c h a n dr a tandi himachal pradesh akhnoor head marala u j h kashmir valley anant nag n e e l u m k u n h a r attock kotri barrage zhob g o m a l u b d c sukkur barrage sidhnai barrage canal sirhind canal s w a t bhakrabhakra.
This file contains additional information such as exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. Pdf politics of waterresource development in prepartition. The extensive linking of tributaries with the indus has helped spread water resources to the valley of peshawar, in the khyber pakhtunkhwa. The primary difference between dam and barrage is, a barrage is built to divert the direction of water at a huge level of the plane surface, while the dam is built to store the water on a big scale and then the stored water is utilized to obtain energy and power in which the electricity comes on the top of the list. Geographic features slide lecture river delta river.
Thatta, the historical city of lndus delta was once considered to be central city of. Irrigation supplies are provided through 14 canals systems fed by 3 gigantic barrages on indus. The other side of the story narrates that the lbod was designed for a drainage capacity of 4600 cusec during the flood seasons, and the much larger volume of water was left in the drain far beyond the capacity of the lbod, which resulted in the breaches personal communications with exn kotri barrage, 2017. However, the history of modern irrigation system with controlled canal systems is rather recent. The peking news was the first newspaper of the world china. Official pdf, 57 pages world bank documents world bank group. The guddu barrage is one such barrages, which requires rehabilitation and is the subject of the current study. May 29, 20 kotri barrage head work documentary edit by. Fishermen there asked for right on the down stream of kotri barrage, but before it was accepted. The average flows released below kotri has been reduced to 34. It has a discharge capacity of 24,800 cubic metres per second 875,000 cu fts. Water discharge and suspended sediment concentration in the indus river and the kotri barrage dam cross section has been correlated and depicted in figure 3 which shows that m3 s1 of water carries maximum sediment load at all three stages. Study on water escapages below kotri barrage to check sea water intrusion studyi. Simi kamal conference on the future of water for food 3.
Map of the major rivers, lakes, dams, barrages and reservoirs in pakistan. The paper begins with the historical links between waterprovision and governance in sind. Book published by oxford university press isbn 9780. Kotri barrage rehabilitation project gate replacement.
In order to understand how this has impacted the deltaic ecology that thrives on river flows, we designed this study based on a model developed by the international water management institute iwmi. Pakistans oldest archaeological site is situated near larkana. Oct 01, 2017 diffrence bw headwork and barrage barrage barrage is made in similar way but main difference is that barrage is designed in such a way so that it could increase the water level and serve as a storage electricity can be produced at a barrage after construction of hydro power plants but could not be at a head work 8. Constituent assembly of pakistan approves the design of pakistan. There is only one canal of taking on the right side namely the kalri baghar feeder. Pdf bangladesh is a small part of the hydrodynamic system that includes the countries of bhutan, china, india, and nepal. The area comes under the command of kotri barrage and falls within the administrative.
Day by day current affairs august 8, 2019 mcqs for css, pms. The other side of the story narrates that the lbod was designed for a drainage capacity of 4600 cusec during the flood seasons, and the much larger volume of water was left in the drain far beyond the capacity of the lbod, which resulted in the breaches personal communications with exn kotri barrage. Day to day current affairs basically is top 10 news summary on current happenings of national and international importance for all examinations table. Governorgeneral ghulam mohammads resignation is succeeded by iskander mirza. May, 2014 jinnah barrage is originated on the river sindh. The rightbank canal provides additional water to the city of karachi.
Government of pakistan, ministry of water and power and federal flood eissn 22814612 issn 228993 economics of water resources in pakistan book. Ceremony of the kotri barrage by his excellency the governorgeneral of pakistan on 15th march 1955, p. It is near hyderabad and is nearly 3,000 feet 900 metres long. Chashma barrage was constructed under the umbrella of indus basin replacement works. Annual peak discharge at sukkur barrage 19622014 515 figure 5. Figure 3 gives an overview of water flows for last 40 years below kotri barrage, showing maximum, minimum, and average flows as 92, 0. Zulfiqar ali bhutto inaugurated the new education policy in 1974. List of barrages and headworks in pakistan wikipedia. Pak study mcqs all about pakistan study mcqs pak mcqs. Hajipur barrage was superseded by kotri barrage 71. Table 6 lists the main historical events in the indus river basin. Free download historic books of sri lanka ceylon pdf format.
Reservoirs and dams in pakistan all about pakistan. Who amongst the following were the first to invade india. On this day in 1912, american aviator harriet quimby became the first woman to fly across the english channel, guiding her french bleriot monoplane through heavy overcast from dover, england, to hardelot, france. Kotri barrage the kotri barrage near hyderabad is 915 metres 3,000 ft long and provides additional supplies for karachi. The kotri barrage was, therefore, constructed in the year 1955. Kotri barrage had been constructed without the means to isolate individual sluiceways. The indus river locally called sindhu is one of the longest rivers in asia, originating in the tibetan plateau in the vicinity of lake manasarovar, the river runs a course through ladakh towards the gilgitbaltistan region hindukush ranges, and then flows in a southerly direction along the entire length of pakistan to merge into the arabian sea near the port city of karachi in sindh. E paper pdf 29 07 2015 khi by pakistan today issuu. Fpsc notes of pakistan studies ppsc spsc nts fpsc css pms. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. It is the barrage near sukhur across the indus river. The biggest postindependence irrigation project, kotri barrage is inaugurated. Aug 08, 2019 welcome to css times day by day current affairs, your best source for uptodate and daily top current affairs 2019 for preparation of css, pms, banking, nts, railways and all competitive exams.
Guddu barrage guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of presidentt sikandar mirza across indus river near sukhur. The commission did find that upstream withdrawals would adversely affect operation of inundation canals in sindh especially during september. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. Resources free fulltext an assessment of the pakistan. British government decided to bifurcate british india, into two sovereign states india and pakistan. Comparison of the 2010 monsoon rainfall with historical means. Indus river basin geography, population and climate. Jan 29, 20 list of reservoirs and dams in pakistan. The barrage has 44 bays, each 18 metres 60 ft wide. Sukkur and kotri barragesthrough better coordination and.
Durgapur barrage wikimili, the best wikipedia reader. The first sukkur barrage in the region was completed in 1932, some 80 years back, and then the second one kotri barrage in 1955, and the last one guddu barrage in 1962 were. Disaster and climate resilience enhancement project environmental and social management framework and resettlement policy framework government of sindh. Sindhi mp3 naat sindhi mp3 taqreer sindhi mp3 molood sindhi. General knowledge pakistan studies pdf skilling foundation.
Latter on with the construction of kotri barrage in 1955 and guddu barrage in 1962, canal irrigation was supplied to remaining areas. Governorgeneral ghulam mohammads resignation is succeeded bysikander mirza. Pm mohammad ali bogra resigns after the election of chaudhri mohammad ali. It was opened to traffic on 25 may 1900 and was reconstructed in 1931. Compulsory subjects pakistan affairs chapter wise mcqs. Sugarcane cultivation has been expanded, and yields of rice. Kotri being the major fishing centres all in the lower sindh course. Indus river basin food and agriculture organization. The barrage enables water to flow through what was originally a network of canals 6,166 miles 9,923 km long, feeding the largest irrigation system in the world, with more than 5 million acres 20,000 km. The author of the book two nation theory is shafiq ali khan. Pakistan came into being as an independent sovereign state. Kotri barrage is a barrage on the indus river between jamshoro and hyderabad in the sindh province of pakistan. History of sindh irrigation department with reference to canal irrigated agriculture spans over almost a century. Jan 10, 2016 it is the largest barrage of pakistan and was build during british rule.
Sukkar barrage in 1932 and construction of the rohri, nara and jamrao canals allowed river indus water to be diverted for perennial irrigation of large areas of the province. It is the largest barrage of pakistan and was build during british rule. Kotri barrage dam, pakistan britannica encyclopedia britannica. It is a gatecontrolled weir type barrage with a navigation lock. Pdf the geographic, geological and oceanographic setting of. Indus river basin food and agriculture organization of the united. The taunsa barrage near dera ghazi khan produces 100,000 kilowatts of electricity. All the canals originating from the kotri barrage will remain closed from dec 25 to jan 10, 2015 because of the annual closure of barrage headworks for necessary repairs and maintenance. Kotri barrage canals closure announced newspaper dawn.
Variation in the sediment and water discharge downst ream kotri barra ge since 1930 modifi ed from milliman et al. There are two barrages, sukkur and kotri which are located downstream of guddu barrage, whose impacts are also considered as part of the cumulative impact assessment. Pdf study on water escapages below kotri barrage to check sea. An exceptionally high flood passed through kotri barrage on tuesday, crossing the 900,000 cusecs mark for the first time in half a century.
The real name of mohammadbinqasim was amadudin mohammad pillar of deen. Timeline of pakistani history 1947present wikipedia. Kotri barrage is used to control water flow in the indus for irrigation and flood control purposes. The author of the book political system of pakistan is khalid bin saeed. The segment of the indus river under consideration in this research is the lower indus river, served by the guddu, sukkur, and kotri barrages in. Nahimutang ni sa lalawigan sa sindh, sa habagatang bahin sa nasod, 1,000 km sa habagatan sa islamabad ang ulohan sa nasod. The 910m wide kotri barrage on the river indus was constructed in 1955.140 1563 980 714 389 716 60 718 536 1101 188 1 120 1305 476 274 746 857 497 373 999 509 1009 1439 832 737 273 571 1434 401 939 660 529 1463 1212 382 1216