Dec 05, 2016 by bringing together leading theorists and practitioners such as blakely, blair, mccann, luger, gunder, stough and stimson, this book provides the first comprehensive overview of local economic development theories for over fifteen years. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do. The white paper on local government 9 march 1998 the white paper is dedicated to the memory of tshepiso mashinini 19661998, chairperson of the white paper working committee, and all the other women and men who contributed to the building of a democratic system of local government. The local government institutions have come to play an important role not only. Conceptual perspectives on local governance and central local relations several accepted theories provide a strong rationale for decentralized decision making and a strong role for local governments, on the grounds of efficiency, accountability, manageability, and autonomy. A combination of resource mobilization, allocational. Local government in south africa have a considerable role to play in promoting social and economic situations of the poor and disadvantaged within communities. What are the four theories of the origins of governments. It is intended to make the teaching and learning process a more interactive and productive endeavor. The political rationale for this trend is often cast in terms of administrative efficiency. Babcock university, ilishan remo,ogun state, nigeria abstract corruption, some people believe is becoming a culture but this paper admits that it is a culture in nigeria and in other parts of the world as well. The aim of this paper is to critically evaluate the conceptual framework of local government with its significance in the modern era. Theories of local democracy and local government vary from country to country and are embedded in each countrys history and political culture. Conflict between central and local government in britain has reached new heights in the 1980s.
The four theories surrounding the origins of government are the natural theory, the divine theory, the social compact theory and the force theory. Consideration is given to the importance of service delivery and the various different types of. Article information, pdf download for theories of local government, open epub for. Models of leadership, local government, and democratization. This paper proposes a theory of local government as the confluence of two quasimarkets and one organizational dynamic. Improvement in local government remains a high priority in most countries, but unless the relationship between citizens and government is more fully developed the actions of local government will. What do these changes mean for municipal capacitybuilding. This research paper discusses the basic fundamentals of local government in theoretical perspective.
The book has been organized according to the genre of the contributions as. To this effect, the objects of developmental local government are to promote social and economic development of citizens. Theory, principle and practice of local governance in. Using these insights, section 3 develops a theory of local government and derives predictions. Theories of local economic development sage publications inc. The advocateswho draw from local government or fiscal federalism theories argue. Sep 16, 2014 the theories of decentralization and local government.
Over recent decades scholars have begun to empirically examine the relationship between the management and performance of local governments, locating this in economic, contingency and resourcebased. Local government, authority to determine and execute measures within a restricted area inside and smaller than a whole state. The paper assessed the performance of local government councils in nigeria, using the yardsticks of the rationale behind their creation and existing theories of. This paper aims to contribute to the discussion on the importance of the stakeholder theory for local government performance by delivering empiricaldescriptive. The variant, local self government, is important for. These four theories can be applied to any form of government that has existed over the centuries.
Amm shawkat ali local government is one of the means to achieve the ends of decentralization. Ordinarily, federalism involves a two tier system centralunion government at the first level and the stateprovincial government at the second level. Exploring the nexus jide ibietan1, peter ndukwe2 abstract the main objective of this paper is to examine the nature and challenges of local government administration in nigeria using the localist theory as framework of analysis. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. In broad categorization, local government may engage the formation of a protective, community that is non sovereign and contains the legal rights and essential institution to articulate its internal associations. Contemporary drivers of local development institute for. Home rule for municipal and county governments is now available in most states. In fact, the subject is a very base one, if we measure it by academic standards. The current structure of the local government system is relatively new and it was preceded by the preinterim phases of local. Pdf the theory and practice of local government reform. Governance as theory, practice, and dilemma mark bevir the word governance is ubiquitous.
Suntory and toyota international centres for economics and related disciplines, london, uk. The editors aim is to discover whether these can account for the. Achieving the objects of developmental local government. Federalism and incentives for success of democracy quarterly journal of political. A number of arguments suggest that local governments should be assigned adequate powers of local taxation to finance their expenditure responsibilities rather. Pdf principles and theories of local government peter. The new vision of local governance and the evolving roles of. The paper begins exploring the deep economic and institutional determinants of government quality in two extremes of municipal performance. Theories of democratic government flashcards quizlet.
Various approaches of local government are discussed in the light of previous empirical researches. Local government administration in nigeria and the. In the constitutions of many countries a different approach can be traced which is based on the distinction between state power and local self government, ie the local government is taken outside of the state mechanism eg art. Three broad types of theory have set out to explain this phenomenon in a cross. Department of provincial local government dplg 2005 and patterson 2008 identify local government as a sphere of government committed to work with local communities and stakeholders to find sustainable ways to meet their social, economic and material needs and improve their quality of life for all. From this it derives a theoretical framework of local government as the confluence of two quasimarkets and one organizational dynamic.
The concept is also based on devolution of legal authority. A theory of government and politics emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies. Governance from below a theory of local government with. Physical and social conditions in africa favours it as a pragmatic response to the problems of government. Pdf reforms weakening the power of local units, such as municipal amalgamations, have been high on the agenda in many european. The role of local government in rural development issues jide ibietan abstract the central aim or focus of this paper is to highlight the role of local government being the closest tier of government to the grassroots in rural development. As this movement has progressed, the political science literature on its consequences has grown rapidly and a clear split has become apparent. The white paper on local government 9 march 1998 the white paper is dedicated to the memory of tshepiso mashinini 19661998, chairperson of the white paper working committee, and all the other women and men who contributed to the building of a democratic system of local government in south africa. These attributes of local government are vital to consider when local government is restructured as it makes sure that rationale of local government is not ignored.
The object of local government is to serve individuals in communities. Local government in south africa is constitutionally and legislatively required to be developmental. In democratic theory, local government exists for the sake of the individual and the individual does not exist to support the local government financially or otherwise. The world bank and the international monetary fund make loans conditional on good governance. Chapter 2 meaning, nature and scope of local governments india has the distinction of being a unique federal country.
Service delivery, a challenge for local governments. Local government, local governance and sustainable. The new york state department of state division of local government services. But the indian constitution provides for a three tier. The commissions findings on the relationship of the states and local government autonomy are as follows. Local government administration in nigeria and the localist. Summary theories of decentralization and local government brings fresh perspective to the debate and comparative analysis of vertical division of power. This book was born from the joint effort of the professors and researchers of a university course on comparative local development. The concept is also based on devolution of legal authority on territorial basis. Empirical evidences on environmental influences in the decisionmaking process of english local authorities. Early attempts in the late 1970s to theorize the nature of local politics and the state have been overtaken by the radical restructuring of the geography of central local government relations. Three broad types of theory have set out to explain this.
This module is the first part of the course on governance and development. The future blackwell publishing ltd principles and theories. New york state has a tradition of home rule authority and providing citizens with a strong voice in their local governments. A theoretical framework of local government international. Local government reorganization has been widespread throughout europe in the postwar era. Who are the relevants stakeholders to the local government context. The future of local government principles and theories of. Governance from below a theory of local government. The main objective of this paper is to examine the nature and challenges of local government administration in nigeria using the localist theory as framework of analysis. A global perspective antwiboasiako, kwame badu, csanyi, peter on. The term local government is applied to those organs which exist at the will of the central government, and which, while they exist have certain definite powers of making regulation, of controlling certain parts of public finance, and of executing their own laws or the laws of the central legislature, over a given area. Pdf principles and theories of local government peter watt.
Local economic development in theories of regional economies and rural studies local economic development in theories of regional economies and rural studies bahrija kacar1, jasmina curic2, selma ikic3 summary in this paper is a detailed analysis of the basics in the theory of economic development during. The new vision of local governance and the evolving roles. A theoretical framework of local government tasneem sikander assistant professor department of political science government viqarunnisa post graduate college rawalpindi, pakistan abstract the local government institutions have allowed effective participation and involvement of local people in their affairs. Climate change and avian flu appear as issues of global governance. Quantitative ecological analysis in the social sciences.
The paper also attempts to explore the role of good. Local government in south africa is inundated with a variety of challenges including the inability to facilitate and enhance development in the communities under which the municipalities serve. It contains 25 articles on social, economic and institutional factors of local development, highlighting drivers of the development of settlements and regions in urban and rural spaces. Budget theory in the public sector edited by aman khan, and w. From this it derives a theoretical framework of local government as the confluence of two quasi markets and one organizational dynamic. The evolutionary theory holds that the first governments evolved naturally from the family. Pdf a normative theory of local government researchgate. Reforms weakening the power of local units, such as municipal amalgamations, have been high on the agenda in many european countries for some time. There is no normative general theory from which we can deduce what local government ought to be.
The paper assessed the performance of local government councils in nigeria, using the yardsticks of the rationale behind their creation and existing theories of local government. Project muse theory, principle and practice of local. A particular advantage of local government lies in its ability to arrange for the provision of local public goods in line with local tastes and preferences. Essentially, contentious issues regarding corrupt practices, most especially as they pertain to public accountability at the grassroots were critically explored. Local government handbook new york department of state. Principles and theories of local government watt 2006. Local authorities are formed primarily for the convenience of the government, because it is impossible to govern the state from the. Governance from below a theory of local government with two. Some degree of local government characterizes every country in the world, although the degree is extremely significant. Introduction the existence of local government has always been defended on the basis that it is a crucial aspect of the process of democratization and intensification of mass participation in the decisionmaking process. A particular advantage of local government lies in its ability to arrange for the provision of local public goods in line with local tastes and. Over time one family grew very large, and eventually became what is known as a clan where all of the. Chapter 2 meaning, nature and scope of local governments. Local government, local governance and sustainable development 5 free download from.
At least three issues become very important to address. Theories of local economic development linking theory to. Section 4 tests the predictions using econometric models of public investment and a database that comprises all bolivian municipalities. Local government as a handmaiden of a higher government order. Local government administration in nigeria and the localist theory. Given these developments, the theory and practice of federalism are confronted with new challenges and questions, including the following. Their obligations are provided by the promulgation of various. The place and role of local government in federal systems. Linking theory and practice in south africas local municipalities caswell m.358 1522 862 1563 1543 1214 842 348 51 983 1440 1422 986 795 1215 475 1522 971 1510 1100 1161 164 1174 219 831 909 1031 1298 1183 1365 485 1195 1407 1048 752 530 874 1060 1140