Ok, so this is a little confusing, but my class did this lab using the hardyweinberg equilibrium. Population genetics and evolution objectives required knowledge background expectations. The hardyweinberg law of genetic equilibrium provides a mathematical model for studying evolutionary changes in allelic frequency within a population. Weinberg developed a theory that evolution could be described as a change of the frequency of. Mar 08, 2009 ok, so this is a little confusing, but my class did this lab using the hardyweinberg equilibrium. With the population genetics and evolution classic lab kit for ap biology, use the hardyweinberg equilibrium equation and explore how population changes affect the principle. Since evolution is difficult if not impossible to observe in most natural populations, we will model the evolutionary process using the class as a simulated population. Lab eight population genetics and evolution answers author. Lab eight population genetics and evolution answers. Laboratory 8 population genetics and evolution 3 hhs a.
Case studies case i a test of an ideal hardyweinberg population you as a class will become a population of randomly mating heterozygous individuals with an initial gene frequency of 0. Download as doc, pdf, txt or read online from scribd. The first eight weeks attempt to move chronologically through some important papers in the history of population genetics and molecular evolution, mainly focusing on the history of the fields. Due wednesday october 6, at the beginning of the lab. Ap biology lab eight population genetics evolution answers author. These organisms have large population sizes, short generation times and are subject to strong selective pressure for example by immune responses or drug treatment. Teddy grahams may have changed from hands uphands down varietiescheck current styles and modify names in lab accordingly. Weinberg suggested a scheme whereby evolution could be viewed as changes in frequency of alleles in a population of organisms. We were given genotypes that we split up into cards we all started as aa and had two a cards and two a cards, and then we mated with people, and we shuffled our cards and put down two randomly.
Hardy weinberg believed that evolution occurs because the frequency of alleles changes. One way to study evolution is to study how the frequency of alleles in a population changes from generation to generation. Apbiology population genetics and evolution zygosity. Book free download lab eight population genetics and evolution answers. Weinberg developed a theory that evolution could be described as a change of the frequency of alleles in an entire population. Iv quantitative genetics 5 16 introduction to quantitative genetics 7 17 resemblance among relatives 147 18 evolution of quantitative traits 157 19 selection on multiple characters 165 20 association mapping. This lab will allow for the exploration of the hardyweinberg law of genetic equilibrium in depth by studying the relationship between evolution and changes in allele frequencies in a sample population, the class.
The population as the basic unit of evolution population evolves because the frequency of its features changes. Ap biology hardyweinberg practice problems answer key. Population genetics and evolution adapted from the 2001 student lab manual purpose. Population genetics molecular evolution journal club spring 2004. Later we had them transferred to magnetic tape, and handedited that into text for the runoff family of textformatting programs. Ap biology lab 8 population genetics and evolution pdf. Pdf book lab eight population genetics and evolution answers getting the books lab eight population genetics and evolution answers now is not type of challenging means. Lab elgm population genetics and evolution overview in this lab you will. Feb 14, 2008 lab eight population genetics and evolution. In this scheme, if a and a are alleles for a particular gene locus and each diploid individual. Objectives before doing this lab you should understand. Teachers manual laboratory 8 7 other kinds of forces that affect allele frequencies in a population, e. You could not singlehandedly going gone book growth or library or borrowing from your associates to. Lecture notes in population genetics holsinger lab.
The purpose of this simulation is to provide an opportunity to test some of the basic tenets of population genetics and evolutionary biology. How genetic drift, selection and the heterozygote advantage affect hardy weinberg equilibrium. Population genetics and evolutionclassic lab kit for ap. Lab eight population genetics and evolution answers keywords. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ap lab 8 population genetics and evolution introduction. Considering a large infinite population size, we have seen that allele frequencies do not change by.
Ap biology laboratory 8 population genetics and evolution objectives estimate the frequency of alleles in a population using hardyweinberg equations. Estimating allele frequencies with the hardyweinberg equations. Demonstrate that allele frequencies can change in a population over time. We are broadly interested in evolution, ecology, and population genetics with a focus on rapidly evolving pathogens such as hiv, influenza virus, or pathogenic bacteria. Ap biology laboratory 8 population genetics and evolution. A few months ago there was a discussion in our group about a great genetics lab that used teddy. Andersen explains hardyweinberg equilibrium and describes the bead lab. I was attempting to use the hardyweinberg equation and determine if it was applicable to our conditions. A few months ago there was a discussion in our group about a great genetics lab that used teddy graham crackersthanks to some help from nsta, i found the lab. Lab 8 genetics natalie cook ap biology population genetics. View lab report lab 8, population genetics and evolution from biology 1407 at harlingen h s south. Weinberg both came up with the idea that evolution could be viewed as changes in the frequency of alleles in a population. Monika guerra biology 1407 february 1, 2017 entire class title.
Weinberg independently suggest a scheme whereby evolution could be viewed as chang es in the frequency of alleles in a population of. Biology lab 8 population genetics and evolution by mrs. Lab 8 ap sample population genetics biology junction. Apbiology population genetics and evolution free download as word doc. The hardyweinberg equationscan be applied to estimate the frequencies of specified alleles within a population at any given time. Ken miller hot science, cool talks at ut austin, elizabeth saunders, carl wozniak, caltech bio 1. What genetic factors must be occurring for a hardyweinberg equilibrium to exist. To use a data set that reflects a change in the genetic makeup of a population over time and to apply mathematical methods and conceptual understandings to investigate the. You have sampled a population in which you know that the percentage of the homozygous recessive genotype aa is 36%. Population genetics of selection evolutionary biology. They used the letter p to represent and a allele and the letter q to represent the a allele. Population genetics and evolution pearson the biology place. Continue reading lab 8 ap sample population genetics. Lab 8, population genetics and evolution monika guerra.
Ap biology hardyweinberg practice problems answer key 1. The concept of describing frequencies of inherited traits owes its origin to scientific works published at the beginning of the 20th century. An adaptation is a structure or function that is common in a population because it enhances the. The text can be criticized for not introducing the reader to empirical population genetics. Evolution and population genetics flashcards quizlet. Population genetics and evolution youmust know the hardyweinberg equation and be able to use it to determine the fre quency of alleles in a population. The name of this lab is population genetics and evolution. Evidence for evolution from microbiology basics of genetics ubiquitous proteins and dna sequences evolution in the lab speciation in nature note. In a diploid organism that has gene a gene loci that each contain one of two alleles for a. Genetic traits are determined by genes, or small segments of dna carried on chromosomes that determine physical characteristics. Population genetics and evolutionclassic lab kit for ap biology. Population genetics and evolution lab eight the purpose of population genetics and evolution is to study the effects that changing a condition has on hardyweinberg equilibrium. A few months ago there was a discussion in our group about a great genetics lab that used teddy graham crackersthanks. In a diploid organism that has gene a gene loci that each contain one of two alleles for a single trait t the frequency of continue reading lab 8 sample2 ap population genetics.975 1014 524 1412 803 290 372 465 1439 1359 486 129 511 738 1556 873 1347 1560 823 620 1495 1310 1287 1226 74 1132 1397 1254 1342 1084 1071 497 1520 150 1259 393 1326 1042 1485 302 1209 672 63 804 1368 1217